Victims of bullying frequently struggle with a variety of physical and mental problems. Since parenting style strongly influences the behavior of adolescents, parents should be aware of the critical role they can play in the prevention and reduction of bullying.
By Ilya Krisnana
Bullying in adolescents – be it of the verbal, physical or social kind – presents a problem in various countries. Due to emotional distress, the victims of repetitive hostile behavior often experience depression and anxiety, sleep disorders, as well as other negative health effects.
After a report from the Indonesian Child Protection Commission showed that bullying is the most frequent problem for adolescents in school, a group of researchers from Airlangga University in Surabaya, East Java focused on investigating the relationship between parental treatment and the occurrence of bullying behavior. To do so, they performed a questionnaire-based study, recently published in the International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, over three months, which included 705 adolescent participants at two different high schools.
The researchers found that an authoritarian and strict parenting style led to a higher probability of their children becoming bullies. Evidently, adolescents who are frequently physically or verbally punished have a tendency to imitate their parents’ behavior and apply it to their schoolmates in the form of aggressive behavior. On the other hand, the researchers also found that an overly lenient parenting style can increase the risk of children becoming either a bully or a victim of bullying.
Ilya Krisnana, corresponding author of the study, claims: “There is no right or wrong parenting style. Parents must be able to adjust to the development and needs of adolescents.”
According to the researchers, parents should aim to interact and communicate with their children in a positive way – for the sake of their emotional intelligence. To avoid inappropriate and aggressive behavior, adolescents need to feel comforted and valued. Youths who are treated with respect by their parents will also treat their friends with a sense of appreciation and tolerance.
Read the original article here:
Ilya Krisnana, Praba Diyan Rachmawati, Yuni Sufyanti Arief, Iqlima Dwi Kurnia, Aria Aulia Nastiti: Adolescent characteristics and parenting style as the determinant factors of bullying in Indonesia: a cross-sectional study, 02.04.2019.